APPL Technologies are focused on creating hybrid fuels (Reformed fuels) that are stable water-hydrocarbon mixtures that generate substantially less carbon emissions and are less costly than traditional hydrocarbon fuels. Reformed fuels that would help Nigeria and the West African region at large to meet up with the EPA global emission standards (0.0015%) and IMO2020 maritime policy by providing environmentally friendly diesel and maritime fuels of global acceptance limit of 0.5%.
We have two major technologies;
The basic principle of our technology is that it uses a water-based reagent which contains the oxidizer (hydrogen peroxide) to oxidize the sulfur. The catalyst (solid or liquid) serves the dual purpose of a catalyst and a transfer agent, thus increasing the rate of the oxidation of the sulfur-bearing compounds in the fuel. Once the sulfur compounds are oxidized, they are removed from the fuel. Due to these advantages, our equipment can be installed in small refineries
Schematic View of Sulfex Equipment
APPL/APT's Sulfex Equipment
This process creates a truly stable, storable (more than three years so far), miscible fuel, and residual fuel applications for all levels of base fuel sources - Automobile Gas Oil (AGO), Premium Motor Spirit (PMS), Dual Purpose Kerosene (DPK) and Low Pour Fuel Oil (LPFO).
2. SulfexTM Technology
Our SulfexTM Technology is used to reduce the sulfur in fossil fuel distillates by 99.9%. The current process of desulfurization in refineries uses Hydro-Desulfurization process with hydrogen gas, high temperatures (300 to 400 degrees Celsius), and high pressures (30 to 130 atmospheres) to remove sulfur from distillates. However, this process is limited to large and most modern refineries because of capital and operating cost that are too high for smaller refineries.
1. Nano-Emulsification Fuel Technology (NEFT)
NEFT adopts Nano-emulsion process to combine and emulsify 50% fuel from the customer’s existing fuel supply with 50% Nano-water using Nanotechnology in a Fuel Reformation Unit (FRU) equipment. This results in the production of Nano-emulsified fuels that are environmentally friendly, rich in hydrogen with a flash point of between 45-47. This will enhance the flame velocity and thus permit the engine to operate with cleaner air to diesel mixture than otherwise possible. The result is a far less pollution with more power and better mileage. The process shall yield benefits in improved combustion stability and reduce greenhouse gases (GHGs) and hydrocarbon emissions.
In APPL Nano-Emulsification Fuel Technology, the high fusion force of Nano-water molecules makes it possible to mix “water molecules and oil”. The adsorption mechanism of Nano-water and oil is simple. 50% Nano-water and 50% oil are adsorbed and bonded with the aid of the strong ionic power of hydroxide ions (electrons) in Nano-water and hydrogen ions (protons) in oils.
Scalable Fuel Reformation Equipment
Our technology reduces the cost of desulfurization of distillate fuel. It is less expensive and much safer to use than the HDS used around the world. It does not use Hydrogen nor produces Hydrogen sulfide. It uses common non-exotic chemicals and produces sulfones by-products and improve environmental footprints. It scalable and easily changed to add capacity and capability.